Home > Infectious Disease > Symptoms of Primary HIV Infection Get the Flash Player to see this player. Rate: (Click the stars to rate) Published on Feb 20, 2008 by Beckykuhn, Views: 7218 It is sometimes possible to recognize when you have recently contracted HIV from signs and symptoms. Between 40-90% of individuals will have symptoms. These symptoms usually occur in the first few weeks or months after a person becomes infected. The most common symptoms include: rash, fever, malaise (weakness), discomfort, loss of apetite weight loss, sore throat, sores in the mouth, joint ache, swollen lymph nodes, diarrhea, fatigue, night sweats, nausea, vomiting, and headache.